Hardinge, Emma. The Great Funeral Oration on Abraham Lincoln by Emma Hardinge; Delivered Sunday, April 16, 1865, at Cooper Institute, New York, before Upwards of Three Thousand Persons. New York: American News Company, 1865.
PHS Call number: PAM E 457.52 .H372 1865
Emma Hardinge (1823-1899), also known as Emma Hardinge Britten, was a part of the spiritualist movement and campaigned in support of Lincoln. Britten was born in London and then joined the spiritualist movement in the United States, where renowned spiritualist Horace Day brought her in to lead seances. Hardinge delivered her oration on Easter Sunday to more than 3,000 people just a day after the President’s death. In it, she compared Lincoln to Jesus as a martyr for a cause greater than himself, and connected the fatal shooting of Lincoln on Good Friday to the martyrdom of Jesus Christ.
1. Who is the author of this source? How does the author differ from those of Documents 1 and 2?
2. Why is it impossible to compare the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and other political assassinations such as that of Julius Caesar (pages 6, 7)? What makes Lincoln’s assassination stand apart, according to Hardinge?
3. How does Hardinge describe young Abraham Lincoln’s education on the subject of slavery (pages 10, 11)?
4. Why was the Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln’s crowning achievement, according to Hardinge (pages 16, 17)?
5. Hardinge ends a long passage (pages 21-23) on who (or what) is responsible for Lincoln’s death with the phrase “…the blood of Lincoln lies at the door of SLAVERY! (page 23).” What does she mean by this? How does she connect the institution of slavery to Lincoln’s assassination?
6. How does Hardinge envision Reconstruction (pages 24-26)?
7. What language does Hardinge use to describe Lincoln?